Scope of Biology in Globalizations

Scope of Biology in Globalization


Dr. Agha Parvez Masih,

(Asst. Prof. Shia P. G College)

After 1991, Indian economy has strengthened considerably so as to emerge as one of the most powerful economies of the world. This economic development has elevated the living standard of Indian middle class in particular.Today the influence of economic growth can be felt in every walk of our lives including the career prospects & educational choices of Indian students. Unlike 1990, now students have a greater variety of courses to choose from coupled with a range of educational institutions which include not only central or state universities but a number of reputed private institutions & foreign universities are also imparting quality education. Besides, concepts of online courses and distance education have added a new dimension to our educational system. The availability of many professional courses has created better job prospects and higher salaries and all this has changed the whole perception of the young generation. In an eagerness to settle quickly, students today are running after professional courses and as a consequence, basic sciences like Zoology, Botany, Statistics, Pure Maths, Physics etc are being completely sidelined.

The most disturbing aspect of the current shift in educational trends is that students are defying the very basics of our educational philosophy. Earlier, education used to be an instrument of social change as students sought knowledge to serve community. Contrary to this, education has become money centred now & students no longer believe in sacrificing their careers for the sake of social development. In this era of multinational culture, the brand name sells like never before & the modern youth look for brand tags in virtually every commodity. Infact, the market dictates the terms of our living & has also influenced our educational sector. The growing role of the market in shaping our education is evidenced by the rapidly increasing interest of well known business groups to launch educational institutions that solely focus on management or engineering courses. The pass outs from such institutions are blessed with Goddess laxmi and are handsomely paid whereas those pursuing non professional courses at graduate and post graduate level struggle to carve a niche for themselves. This state of affairs is responsible for ever-declining popularity of courses of basic sciences & other mainstream disciplines. The situation of biology stream appears to be more critical. Enrollment in biology stream has decreased drastically at higher secondary level and graduation level. Last year few admission form of B. Sc. biology were sold at private degree colleges of Lucknow. Govt. aided colleges and university were luckier because of lower fees structure. An analysis of last few years shows lesser students are opting for admission in biology stream.

This is an alarming trend & is certainly going to hamper our progress on many fronts. Our educationists should ponder over the fact that any development in applied sciences requires vital inputs from corresponding researches in basic sciences. If the current disillusionment from basic sciences is not checked then many of our government-run research institutes will either close down due to lack of researchers or will be bound to produce sub-standard research. Immediate steps are needed to counter this as it will have long lasting impact on us. A nation cannot grow without knowledge of basic sciences. The universities and institutions engage in teaching of basic sciences at higher secondary, graduate and post graduate level have to plan a strategy to popularize these subjects, rethink about teaching methodology, pedagogy etc. It is imminent to devise innovative ways of teaching these subjects else it will be an uphill task to attract students. Generation of jobs of better remunerations and good work culture is also needed.

Since long medical profession has been the first choice of biology students. Unfortunately, this noble profession is also losing charm among students. There are genuine reasons for this like hard work, over-competition, high fess at private medical colleges, lack of sufficient medical colleges and duration of courses etc. Besides, even after completing the course, it takes a lot of exposure & practice to establish oneself as a medical professional, honestly in 20-20 period only few have so much patience.

Biotechnology is next favorite among biology students it also takes time. Simple graduates with biotechnology are offered low remuneration and job opportunities are also lesser so mostly students go for post graduate course followed by research. The post graduates and research scholars have a very bright future with many pharmaceutical companies, biotechnological research labs, educational institutions. Environmental science is also an emerging field and mostly research labs and industries offer job to such students.

The biggest drawback of our present educational system is lack of uniformity in syllabi & evaluation patterns. Today, every other institute follows a distinct syllabus for a particular course which is very illogical. For instance, a medical aspirant has to prepare himself according to CBSE, NCERT or many other syllabi. Does it imply that an MBBS pass out from AIIMS should have skills & technical expertise different from another doctor obtaining MBBS from some other medical college? Definitely not. It only adds to the frustrations & stress of students to make adjustments with the multiplicity of syllabi. What is more ridiculous is the marking pattern prevalent in most educational institutions. While percentages become all the more important in every selection process, the selectors hardly take into account the discrepancies of our evaluation system. The evaluation of descriptive questions is highly biased and requires immediate normalization procedures. It is a known fact that some universities stick to very stringent evaluation while others are very liberal. The problem is that pass outs from all universities have to compete on a common platform & therefore there is need to have uniform marking pattern. Although, adopting an objective test pattern may provide a solution to this problem but this strategy fails in judging the knowledge of students in descriptive subjects such as literature.

A common complaint of students pursuing post-graduate courses in conventional subjects like Zoology & Botany is that their M.Sc. syllabi are not aptly represented in the life sciences syllabus of CSIR which gives greater emphasis to modern disciplines such as biochemistry & biotechnology etc . Thus, they find it difficult to clear the NET conducted by CSIR. This problem can be solved by introducing conventional disciplines as independent subjects in NET exam.

One major factor responsible for our educational backwardness is inability of students to gain free access to facilities like internet which offer an ocean of information to anyone seeking knowledge. In India, despite so many advancements in computer sector, the government has not come up with any plan to subsidize internet-based sources of information such as online research journals etc.

Immediate steps are needed to check this downfall. All universities should consider offering graduation degree with Anthropology, Biochemistry, Environmental Sciences, Nursing, B. Pharma, Diploma course in Physiotherapy, operation theatre management, dental hygiene, Optometry.

The revision of syllabus is imminent - it should be designed to suit the need and interest of present students such as we may give dual degree like B. Sc. with specialization in optometry, lab technician, medical sale or plain B.Sc. etc. So after graduation they may be employed at pathology lab, assistant to optician. If interested in research one can opt for plain B.Sc., establish excellence study cum research centre in biological sciences.

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