Art and Law



Career in Law is a fast emerging as one of the most lucrative professions. Lawyers in India are held in high esteem, because their services and legal advice are required to help people whenever they face legal hassles or need law advice.

    Here are some main reasons why a career in law is worth pursuing:
  • Growth, knowledge and opportunity to excel in diverse fields of law such as civil, criminal, employment, tax, real estate, and so on.
  • With expertise and experience, the possibility of securing high fees implies economic growth as well.
  • Prestige, fame and respect associated with the profession.
  • Evolving and dynamic nature of the legal profession.
  • An opportunity to contribute to the society’s welfare by taking up cases that can have significance for the society as a whole.

Law as a Career Option:

The following are some law career options for law graduates in India who may have different areas of interest in practicing law but want to know more about other career options in the legal domain:

Judicial Service

This is considered a very respectable and attractive law career option as it involves public service and a position of considerable honor in society. However, it requires tremendous hard work and dedication for practicing lawyers to pass the exams for subordinate judge. The years ahead will also be very difficult as the pay is not motivating and the working conditions are very difficult. However, it is a promising career option as if one is able to prove expertise and efficiency; one can be elevated to the High Court as a judge.

Corporate Counsel

They play a significant role in providing advice regarding the working and transactions of a company. On behalf of the company or its subsidiaries, they undertake legal services such as drafting, vetting, networking and negotiating contracts and resolving legal disputes, just to mention a few. Law graduates prefer to work as corporate counsel as the terms are lucrative unlike in litigation firms. Usually, the young lawyers clinch many advantages with a job profile like this – quarterly bonuses, foreign trips, frequent holidays, fixed job hours in office and so on. In the legal profession, those who opt for this profile are called ‘glorified clerks’ as litigation lawyers in India consider themselves as the true professionals, who represent their clients and win their claims in a court of law.

Litigation Law Firms

Litigation law firms specialize in offering litigation solutions to their clients. The cases may vary in nature but a good litigation firm will accept all cases and represent clients in courts. The flip side is that litigation does not always pay lawyers as well as it does for corporate counsel. However, advocacy is what makes this domain irresistible for many lawyers. They know the pay is not always good to begin with but it is the challenges in the domain itself that enable a lawyer to earn name, fame and reputation by proving ability, technique and expertise in winning cases. Law graduates, who want to be good litigators, can find employment in such law firms. The starting years are the toughest as the hours span more than ten hours in a law office and even weekends are usually working.

Bank Officer

This is a highly popular option with young law graduates because it pays well, ensures fixed hours of work, recognition and respectability and most importantly, minimal strain or tension because the work involves drafting, vetting and resolving legal claims. Typically, in nationalized banks, the eligibility criteria includes two to three years of practice and expertise in banking and company law before one can apply for the post. A written exam, followed by an interview, is part of the filtering process. It is not easy to secure this job profile as the vacancies are few and the rules of reservation for OBC, SC/ST, disabled and minorities are applicable.

Company Secretary

A law graduate, who has penchant for company related matters, can find employment as a company secretary in a corporate house. It pays very well and there is great opportunity to put skills and knowledge to test. However, advocates in the profession do not consider it as part of advocacy.

Academics

A law graduate can also take up research or make a profession in academics by teaching. Good teachers are in great demand in law colleges because they are the people who nurture and bring out law professionals into the society. However, this is not a popular option in India as it gets very little social recognition. Those who want to teach tend to opt for part time work as the pay is meager. Also, those who want to teach law must have passed LLM, which involves two years of study, but this is difficult to secure admission for as the seats are limited and the entry is restricted.

Career in Legal Writing

After completing law, a law graduate can pursue legal writing as a profession. With good writing and researching skills, a legal writer or law reporter can represent facts pertaining to legal developments across domains, research and write about it for law publishers, reports or even blogs pertaining to law. However, it is usually a desk job and not always thrilling for those who want to improve their advocacy skills. In terms of pay, the conditions are decent but advocates can always earn more through practice than writing on law.

Social Work

A lawyer can become a part of a NGO and stand for social issues and causes. Advocacy skills are not put to use but it is a good endeavor to help the society and establish contacts. The pay packages are attractive but entry is usually difficult and restricted to young law graduates. Usually, the NGOs opt for advocates with experience.

Course Details

One can either pursue a three-year law course (LLB) after graduation in any discipline or a five-year course after twelfth standard examinations, leading to a BA LLB (Hons). LLB course is sponsored by the Bar Council of India. Generally, eligibility for LLB is on the basis of marks scored at the graduation examinations. However, there are some Universities that conduct entrance tests too. Certain institutions like National Law School in Bangalore conduct an All India Entrance examination. The BA LLB programme usually covers practical training including court attendance, hands on training at legal aid centres and research projects. To be able to practise, it is mandatory to put in a year’s internship. This may be done during the course of the final year. In addition to LL.B. degree, many universities and institutes also offer other diploma courses in several disciplines of law. P.G. Programmes in law (LLM) are of 2 years duration & eligibility is LLB degree. There are various branches of specialisation in law like civil law, criminal law, corporate law, income tax law, international law, labour law, constitutional law, and patent law etc.

National level Institutes Offering various law programmes:

Here is a list of some of the top Law Colleges in India. They are National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore; Gujarat National Law University (GNLU); Symbiosis Society's Law College (SSLC), Pune; National Law University, Jodhpur; NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad; National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal; Faculty of Law, University of Delhi; Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi; National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata; ILS Law College, Pune; Government Law College, Mumbai; Amity Law School , Delhi; Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh; Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur and Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Chennai.

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