Animation and Multimedia

The art of animation started with the cavemen who used to draw pictures on the rock surfaces. Though animation was formally demonstrated in 1828 by a Frenchman, Paul Roget, the first animated film 'Humorous phases of funny faces' by J. Stuart Blackton was made in 1906 by drawing comical faces on a blackboard, photographing them, and then erasing it to draw another stage of the facial expression. It was in 1914, that the first cartoon named 'Gertie, the Dinosaur' by Winsor McCay, consisting of 10,000 drawings, was shown as a film in the theaters. In the early twenties, traditional animation techniques were developed and more sophisticated cartoons were produced. It was during this time that Warner Bros and Walt Disney studios came to exist. Computer animation, started during seventies and eighties, had a greater impact and with the passage of time, more and more advanced techniques were developed.

Animation which derived its name from the Latin word 'anima' meaning soul, can be defined as the art of breathing life to a character. A blend of entertainment industry and technology, it is concerned with design, drawing, layout and production of graphically rich and attractive multimedia clips. In other words animation is making of movies, games or cartoons by moving the drawings or models of animals or people with the help of computers or other electronic means. Time and space play a critical role in animation.

Animation is a field that could be pursued by those who posses excellent creativity and drawing skills. Animators are the talented artists who create characters for a variety of projects like movies, television, advertisements and so on. An animators task is to read the script carefully, study the storyboard and try to get into the character. In other words he needs to know and understand the character. Job opportunities are on the rise for an animator and they are in great demand, as it a growing industry and has become a popular feature in movies and advertising.

Instructional Designing: A person who works in this capacity is called Instructional Designer or ID. He / she can be a multimedia designer/programmer or/or interface designer to change educational instruction media into a single Animation involves the exploitation and management of still images to generate the illusion of movement. A person who creates animations is called animator. He / she use various computer technologies to capture the still images and then to animate these in desired sequence.

Multimedia is the term used to represent combination of visual and audio materials gathered from various resources and then added into one single combination. A multimedia product can be sets of texts, graphic arts, sounds, animations and videos. Precisely, term multimedia is used to refer visual and audio materials into a single common presentation which can be played in a computer including CD ROM or digital video, internet or web technology, streaming audio or video and data projection system etc.

Modern entertainment industry i.e. film and television has gained new heights because of advances in animation, graphics and multimedia. Television advertisements, cartoons serials, and presentation and model designs all uses animation and multimedia techniques.

Career in Animation & Multimedia is for creative minds. Anyone can become animator or multimedia programmer if his / her visualization is good, willing to work hard and can create a sense in products which audiences not only watch or listen but remember once they come across it. Expert professionals in animation and multimedia are in high demand in film industry, advertisement and gaming worldwide. Specially gaming industry is in its booms as indoor video games are taken over outdoor games and hence the demand for quality animators rose worldwide.

Animator- The work of animator is related with designing, drawing, making layouts and preparation of graphically rich and eye catching multimedia clips. Animator uses 2D and 3D clippings for preparing cartoons, games, instructional programs, CD – ROM or Web and Videos. To be an animator does not necessarily need to be a great artist. Though, an animator must be good in 3D modeling and following designers sketch. He / she must be able to visualize how an object will appear in 3D and must have the talent to make an animated object look real.

Author Based Programming- The task of author based programmer includes writing scripts and hence to group various images, text, animation, graphics, presentations and sound to produce a multimedia product.

Computer Based Graphic Design: A person who works in this capacity is often called Graphic Designer. The work of a graphic designer involves using computer technology and different software like Photoshop etc to manage production, interface and grouping of different graphics and other mediums into the multi package design. The basic role of a graphic designer is design of art and copy layouts for multimedia products.

Digital Video Sound Editing- A person who works in this capacity is called Video Editor. He / she perform computer based editing to generate video sound for multimedia products. To work as a video editor one should be sound in editing video and audio, voice-overs and mixing videos.

Multimedia Programming or Multimedia Designing: Depending upon the role, a person who works in this capacity is called programmer or designer. The multimedia programming and multimedia designing involves writing codes so as to include audio-visual elements and solving problems in conversation between different platforms. To work in this capacity the person should have specialization in programming and video systems. Multimedia programmers use authoring systems and various programming language to create Multimedia programs and multimedia designs.

Animation application areas include many avenues in the following:

  • Entertainment (movies and television)
  • Business (product promotions and marketing demos)
  • Sales (presentations)
  • Education (Computer Based Tutorials/Web Based Tutorials)
  • Publishing (graphics and printing)
  • Virtual reality in Defense
  • Web designing
  • Engineering
  • Advertising (commercials and print ads)
  • Fashion designing and interior designing
  • Development of computer games/mobile games
  • Medical, legal and insurance industry (presentations and models)
  • Studios and training institute


There are various diploma and degree programs in animation and multimedia. These courses focus on teaching and equipping a person in various styles and techniques of animation, which may include :

  • Traditional animation
  • Stop-motion animation
  • Rotoscoping
  • Computer generated 3D and 2Danimation
  • Clay-mation
  • Photoshop
  • Human anatomy
  • Drawing
  • Eligibility

You do not need to have excellent academic credentials to become an animator. You just need a creative bent of mind and an artistic inclination. The courses you do help you bring out your creativity.

  • The eligibility for a course in animation is a 10+2, but the actual criterion for admission is creativity. You may need to take test in drawing, acting, clay modeling, and visualization
  • Knowledge of programming (C++, Java) and a general interest in creativity can help you
  • For a diploma and for a Bachelors Degree in animation one needs to have passed 12th standard from any recognized board. For Post Graduate program one should have a Bachelors Degree in any discipline, preferably Arts
  • GD Arts/ BFA (commercial, painting, sculpture, textile), B Arch, MFA, or other equivalent degree or Diploma in Fine Arts
  • Some of the institutes like Industrial Design Center (IDC), Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and Indian Institute of Design (NID) have a strict eligibility criterion-only graduates of architecture, technology and engineering, fine arts can apply for this course

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